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What is Tile ?

Tile is a one face glazed coating substance which is decorated with coloured patterns and decals. Underglaze technique is used while making our tiles. It is beleived that tile art has been started in the Middle East and from there moved to Anatolia and to Europe. Asur, Iran, Middle East Turks and Egyptians have used tiles-which is a branch of Fine Arts now - to decorate buildings and inscriptions. At the ages of Selcuklu and Ottoman Empire, in some places in Anatolia tile production have been made. So many tile samples from the ages of Selcuklu Empire glazed in firuze (turquoise), gren, cobalt blue, Brown and transparent colors can be seen.

It is very amazing improvement of the technique –in the 16th century- to apply these seven colors under glaze : turquoise, blue, a kind of dark green, red, light cobalt, white and sometimes black
                                                                                 

  History of the Tile

Human being began using tiles BC3000 where they live and what they use.

Muslim people began using tiles by AC900.

After the Malazgirt victoryin 1071 Anatolia became the center of Tile.

   

The history of tiles in Anatolia goes back to Uygur arts, 8th century. In Idikut and Karahocu diggings, the floor tiles of temples have been seen blue and grey glazed bricks. In the Gazne diggings for the 11th century, some tile pieces have been seen and these were similar with the Uygur tiles. We know that Turks used glaze on bricks, by the soil made glazed pots which have been used since. In Turkmenistan tile is called “kashi”.
 

In the Turkish architecture the use of tiles according to architecture in tiles decoration model begins with Iran Selcuklu Empires. Kufi writings on the minaret of Damgan Mescid-i Cuma are the first samples of such kind. The use and improvement of tiles in architecture begins with 13th century. After than with the Anatolian Selcuklu Empire it is used widespread, improved by the Otoman Empire times and reached to our day with a great importance in our architecture

Period of Anatolian Principalities

The use of tiles in the period of principalities is not so much as Selcuklu magnifience. But some samples show the achievements of this art.Especially the Mosque of Esrefoglu Principality (1299) in Beyşehir and the tomb (1301) near it has the most magnificient tile decorations.

The inside door which enables to enter to the mosque and which holds the epitaph is like a victory of the tile arts and mosaic tile covering art. It is seen that plant decal is dominant on the mosaic tiles which cover the ceiling of the tomb. Here, the application of the mosaic tile in pentagon form shows a technical characteristic.

 

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